There are two official languages in Cyprus: Greek and Turkish. Both languages have a long history on the island and are deeply rooted in the culture and tradition of the Cypriot people.
Greek language in Cyprus
The Greek language is an Indo-European language and belongs to the family of Hellenic languages. It is the official language in the Greek part of Cyprus and is spoken as a native language by about 80% of the population.
The Greek language has a long history in Cyprus and is closely linked to Greek mythology and culture. It was spoken on the island as early as the 8th century BC and has evolved over the centuries.
The Greek language also has a strong presence in Cypriot literature, art and music. Many well-known Cypriot authors, artists and musicians have written and worked in the Greek language.
English Language in Cyprus
Although English is not the official language in Cyprus, it is spoken as a second language by many people on the island. This is mainly due to the long British presence on the island.
English is taught mainly in schools and colleges, and is also widely used in the business and tourism sectors. It is the main language for international communication and is often used as a liaison language between speakers of Greek and Turkish.
The English language also has an influence on the Cypriot culture and the language of the island. There are many anglicized words and expressions that have been adopted into the Greek and Turkish languages in Cyprus.
Turkish language in Cyprus
Turkish language is a Turkic language and belongs to the family of Altaic languages. It is the official language in the Turkish part of Cyprus and is spoken as a native language by about 20% of the population.
The Turkish language also has a long history in Cyprus and is closely linked to Turkish culture and tradition. It was introduced to the island in the 16th century when the Ottomans occupied the island.
The Turkish language also has a strong presence in Cypriot art and music. Many well-known Cypriot artists and musicians have worked in the Turkish language.
Linguistic diversity in Cyprus
Due to its geographical location and its turbulent history, Cyprus is a place with a lot of linguistic diversity. In addition to the official languages of Greek and Turkish, other languages are spoken on the island, including Russian, German and French.
The linguistic diversity of Cyprus also reflects the cultural diversity of the island. There are many different cultures and communities on Cyprus, each with their own language and traditions.
However, despite this linguistic diversity, there are also tensions and problems related to the use of language on the island. The Turkish language was introduced to the island during Ottoman rule and is therefore a symbol of Ottoman occupation for many Greeks. This has created tensions between the two communities and can sometimes lead to conflict.