Machairas Monastery is one of the oldest and most important monasteries in Cyprus. It was founded in 1148 by two monks after an icon of the Holy Virgin was found in a nearby cave. Under the Ottomans, it was also a haven of education. Every year on August 15 and September 8 there are big church festivals.
In the sacristy in the basement vault of the monastery you can find old monks' cells as well as stables and storerooms, which have been restored. In addition, in the sarcristy there is a hall where old manuscripts and books are kept, as well as exhibition rooms and depots with icons and sacral objects.
In a museum in the monastery are also exhibited objects of the national hero Grigoris Afxentiou, who resisted the British troops in a hiding place 2 km north of the monastery during the Cypriot War of Independence and finally died after 7 hours of fighting.